pronunciation
       n 1: the manner in which someone utters a word; "they are always
            correcting my pronunciation"
       2: the way a word or a language is customarily  spoken; "the
          pronunciation of Chinese is difficult for foreigners";
          "that is the correct pronunciation" [syn: orthoepy]
  Pronunciation
       
          In this dictionary slashes (/../) bracket phonetic
          pronunciations of words not found in a standard English
          dictionary.  The notation, and many of the pronunciations,
          were adapted from the Hacker's Jargon File.
       
          Syllables are separated by dash or followed single quote
          or back quote.  Single quote means the preceding syllable is
          stressed (louder), back quote follows a syllable with
          intermediate stress (slightly louder), otherwise all syllables
          are equally stressed.
       
          Consonants are pronounced as in English but note:
       
          	ch	soft, as in "church"
          	g	hard, as in "got"
          	gh	aspirated g+h of "bughouse" or "ragheap"
          	j	voiced, as in "judge"
          	kh	guttural of "loch" or "l'chaim"
          	s	unvoiced, as in "pass"
          	zh	as "s" in "pleasure"
       
          Uppercase letters are pronounced as their English letter
          names; thus (for example) /H-L-L/ is equivalent to /aych el
          el/.  /Z/ is pronounced /zee/ in the US and /zed/ in the UK
          (elsewhere?).
       
          Vowels are represented as follows:
       
          	a	back, that
          	ah	father, palm (see note)
          	ar	far, mark
          	aw	flaw, caught
          	ay	bake, rain
          	e	less, men
          	ee	easy, ski
          	eir	their, software
          	i	trip, hit
          	i:	life, sky
          	o	block, stock (see note)
          	oh	flow, sew
          	oo	loot, through
          	or	more, door
          	ow	out, how
          	oy	boy, coin
          	uh	but, some
          	u	put, foot
          	*r      fur, insert (only in stressed
          		syllables; otherwise use just "r")
          	y	yet, young
          	yoo	few, chew
          	[y]oo	/oo/ with optional fronting as
          		in `news' (/nooz/ or /nyooz/)
       
          A /*/ is used for the `schwa' sound of unstressed or occluded
          vowels (often written with an upside-down `e').  The schwa
          vowel is omitted in unstressed syllables containing vocalic l,
          m, n or r; that is, "kitten" and "colour" would be rendered
          /kit'n/ and /kuhl'r/, not /kit'*n/ and /kuhl'*r/.
       
          The above table reflects mainly distinctions found in standard
          American English (that is, the neutral dialect spoken by TV
          network announcers and typical of educated speech in the Upper
          Midwest, Chicago, Minneapolis/St.Paul and Philadelphia).
          However, we separate /o/ from /ah/, which tend to merge in
          standard American.  This may help readers accustomed to
          accents resembling British Received Pronunciation.
       
          Entries with a pronunciation of `//' are written-only.
       
          (1997-12-10)
  Pronunciation \Pro*nun`ci*a"tion\ (?; 277), n. [F.
     pronunciation, L. pronunciatio. See Pronounce.]
     1. The act of uttering with articulation; the act of giving
        the proper sound and accent; utterance; as, the
        pronunciation of syllables of words; distinct or
        indistinct pronunciation.
  
     2. The mode of uttering words or sentences.
  
     3. (Rhet.) The art of manner of uttering a discourse publicly
        with propriety and gracefulness; -- now called delivery.
        --J. Q. Adams.
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